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An Exposition of Isaiah 61 – Part 1-2



April 16, 2006

An Exposition of Isaiah 61 – Part 1

This is a line by line, phrase by phrase, exposition of the 61st Chapter of the book of Isaiah. Part 1 contains an exposition of Isaiah 61:1 parallel with its quotation by Jesus in Luke 4:18.

Isaiah 61:1 – The Spirit of the Lord God is UPON ME; because the Lord hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound;

61:1A – The Spirit of the Lord God is UPON ME;

Luke 4:18A – The Spirit of the Lord is UPON ME,

The Holy Spirit descended on Jesus after John baptized him. This marked the beginning of the earthly ministry of the Son of God. Mary was the daughter of Heli. He was a direct descendant of Seth, Noah, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Judah, and King David.

Luke 3:21-23 – Now when all the people were baptized, it came to pass, that Jesus also being baptized, and praying, the heaven was opened, [22] And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove UPON HIM, and a voice came from heaven, which said, Thou art my beloved Son; in thee I am well pleased. [23] And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the son of Heli,

He began his earthly ministry by withstanding all the temptations of the Devil in the Judean Wilderness, after which he went north into Galilee, read from Isaiah 61:1 in the synagogue, and confirmed that it had now been fulfilled at his reading of it.

Luke 4:1 – And Jesus being full of the Holy Ghost returned from Jordan, and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness,

Luke 4:14-21 – And Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit into Galilee: and there went out a fame of him through all the region round about. [15] And he taught in their synagogues, being glorified of all. [16] And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and stood up for to read. [17] And there was delivered unto him the book of the prophet Esaias. And when he had opened the book, he found the place where it was written, [18] The Spirit of the Lord is UPON ME, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised, [19] To preach the acceptable year of the Lord. [20] And he closed the book, and he gave it again to the minister, and sat down. And the eyes of all them that were in the synagogue were fastened on him. [21] And he began to say unto them, This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears.

The words used for “meek” in Isaiah 61:1B, and for “poor” in Luke 4:18B, are descriptive words for the character of the individuals that would receive the message Jesus was anointed to preach to Israel.

Isaiah 61:1B – Because the Lord hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the MEEK;

Luke 4:18B – Because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the POOR;

This was not the general attitude of the Jewish people at that time – they were neither meek nor poor in spirit.

The attitude of the Jewish priests, rulers, and leaders of Jesus’ day were not interested in the coming of Messiah. They had carved themselves power and authority seats within the Roman governmental structure, and were very satisfied with the status quo. Their attitude is well reflected in their troubled state of mind when the wise men came looking for the new King born in Bethlehem.

Matthew 2:3 – When Herod the king had heard these things, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him.

And from the time that John was cast into prison, Jesus began to preach the gospel, the good news that at last the promised kingdom was in the immediate future for all who had believed Messiah would come to bring it.

Matthew 4:11-12,17 – Then the devil leaveth him, and, behold, angels came and ministered unto him. [12] Now when Jesus had heard that John was cast into prison, he departed into Galilee; [17] From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN is at hand.

Luke 4:43,44 – And he said unto them, I must preach the kingdom of God to other cities also: for therefore am I sent. [44] And he preached in the synagogues of Galilee.

However, only the poor in spirit, the humble, received it and believed they could inherit a kingdom on this earth.

Matthew 5:3,5 – Blessed are the POOR in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. [5] Blessed are the MEEK: for they shall inherit the earth.

This was the kingdom Israel had been awaiting for the Messiah to bring in since Daniel defined it more than 600 years earlier.

Daniel 7:13,14 – I saw in the night visions, and, behold, one like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him. [14] And there was given him dominion, and glory, and A KINGDOM, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve him: his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his KINGDOM that which shall not be destroyed.

Israel rejected the king and his gospel of his kingdom! But a remnant of Israel repented with broken hearts from contrite spirits, and they were comforted by the Messiah, being filled with his imputed righteousness.

Isaiah 61C – He hath sent me to bind up the broken-hearted,

Luke 4:18C – He hath sent me to heal the broken-hearted,

Matthew 5:4,6 – Blessed are they that mourn: for they shall be comforted. [6] Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after righteousness: for they shall be filled.

Psalm 34:18 – The Lord is nigh unto them that are of a broken heart; and saveth such as be of a contrite spirit.

Psalm 51:17 – The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.

The promised Seed of Genesis 3:15 crushed the head of the serpent Satan, who had held mankind captive in the bondage of spiritual blindness since Adam’s fall in the garden. Messiah the Seed had his own body bruised on the cross as the price of our deliverance. Messiah came to proclaim that message to all who would receive it.

Isaiah 61D – To proclaim liberty to the CAPTIVES,

Luke 4:18D – To preach deliverance to the CAPTIVES, and recovering of sight to the Blind.

Genesis 3:15 – And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her SEED; it shall BRUISE thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.

Hebrews 2:14-17 – Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil; [15] And deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject TO BONDAGE. [16] For verily he took not on him the nature of angels; but he took on him the seed of Abraham. [17] Wherefore in all things it behoved him to be made like unto his brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people.

II Corinthians 5:19-21 – To wit, that God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them; and hath committed unto us the WORD OF RECONCILIATION. [20] Now then we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did beseech you by us: we pray you in Christ's stead, be ye reconciled to God. [21] For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.

Colossians 1:13,14 – Who hath DELIVERED US from the power of darkness, and hath translated us into THE KINGDOM of his dear Son: [14] In whom we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins:

Messiah delivered us from the captivity of the spiritual blindness that existed until he came to give us the light of the glorious gospel in himself.

Luke 4:18E – And recovering of sight to the blind,

John 9:39-41 – And Jesus said, For judgment I am come into this world, that they which see not might see; and that they which see might be made blind. [40] And some of the Pharisees which were with him heard these words, and said unto him, Are we blind also? [41] Jesus said unto them, If ye were blind, ye should have no sin: but now ye say, We see; therefore your sin remaineth.

Ephesians 4:18 – Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart:

Matthew 6:23B – If therefore the light that is in thee be darkness, how great is that darkness!

Romans 11:25 – For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in.

Isaiah 61:1F – And the opening of the prison to them that are bound;

Luke 4:18F – To set at liberty them that are bruised,

Messiah opened the prison doors by which Satan had held all mankind, bringing grace and true in him, and with him, to set men free in the liberty he purchased with his own blood.

John 1:16,17 – And of his fulness have all we received, and grace for grace. [17] For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.

John 8:32,36 – And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free. [36] If the Son therefore shall make you free, ye shall be free indeed.

The prison doors have been opened and men set free from condemnation for sin by the new birth in Christ.

John 3:6,7 – That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. [7] Marvel not that I said unto thee, Ye must be born again.

The purpose of the new birth is not just to save you from hell, it is to give you an opportunity to serve God, after Christ comes to eternally live in you, by letting him lead you in your new found liberty to be more and more like him, and less and less like your carnal man.

II Corinthians 3:17,18 – Now the Lord is that Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty. [18] But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord.

John 6:63 – It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life.

John 8:31 – Then said Jesus to those Jews which believed on him, If ye continue in my word, then are ye my disciples indeed;

James 1:25 – But whoso looketh into the perfect law of liberty, and continueth therein, he being not a forgetful hearer, but a doer of the work, this man shall be blessed in his deed.

Galatians 2:4 – And that because of false brethren unawares brought in, who came in privily to spy out our liberty which we have in Christ Jesus, that they might bring us into bondage:

Galatians 5:1,13 – Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage. [13] For, brethren, ye have been called unto liberty; only use not liberty for an occasion to the flesh, but by love serve one another.


April 19, 2006

An Exposition of Isaiah 61 – Part 2

ISAIAH 61:2 – To proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn;

Jesus came as the messenger of the covenant, and John the Baptist was the messenger who announced Messiah had arrived. They both announced the acceptable year of the king and his kingdom had arrived, but Israel did not accept the king or his kingdom. Jesus was baptized by John and later in his ministry, following his 40 days of testing in the wilderness, suddenly appeared at his Temple, and gave it a spiritual cleansing. He gave it a second cleansing as he closed his earthly ministry more than three years later.

Malachi 3:1 – Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the Lord of hosts.

Matthew 3:1,2 – In those days came John the Baptist, preaching in the wilderness of Judaea, [2] And saying, Repent ye: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.

John 1:29-34 – The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world. [30] This is he of whom I said, After me cometh a man which is preferred before me: for he was before me. [31] And I knew him not: but that he should be made manifest to Israel, therefore am I come baptizing with water. [32] And John bare record, saying, I saw the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and it abode upon him. [33] And I knew him not: but he that sent me to baptize with water, the same said unto me, Upon whom thou shalt see the Spirit descending, and remaining on him, the same is he which baptizeth with the Holy Ghost. [34] And I saw, and bare record that this is the Son of God.

Matthew 4:17 – From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.

ISAIAH 61:2 – To proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn;

Israel would not accept the king and the kingdom at the time of the acceptable year and, has a result, the day of the vengeance of their God will continue on them until the day that their king comes again to comfort them.

Matthew 23:37-39 – O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings, and ye would not! [38] Behold, your house is left unto you desolate. [39] For I say unto you, Ye shall not see me henceforth, till ye shall say, Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord.

Israel and its temple have been spiritually desolate for a very long time, and will continue to be so until the final time of Jacob’s trouble ends.

Jeremiah 30:7 – Alas! for that day is great, so that none is like it: it is even the time of Jacob's trouble; but he shall be saved out of it.

Malachi 4:1,2, Zechariah 13:8,9, and Micah 5:3,4 all give a picture of Jacob’s (Israel’s) trouble, but with a remnant of Israel being saved out of it at the end

Malachi 4:1,2 – For, behold, the day cometh, that shall burn as an oven; and all the proud, yea, and all that do wickedly, shall be stubble: and the day that cometh shall burn them up, saith the Lord of hosts, that it shall leave them neither root nor branch. [2] But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall.

Zechariah 13:8,9 – And it shall come to pass, that in all the land, saith the Lord, two parts therein shall be cut off and die; but the third shall be left therein. [9] And I will bring the third part through the fire, and will refine them as silver is refined, and will try them as gold is tried: they shall call on my name, and I will hear them: I will say, It is my people: and they shall say, The Lord is my God.

Micah 5:3,4 – Therefore will he give them up, until the time that she which travaileth hath brought forth: then the remnant of his brethren shall return unto the children of Israel. [4] And he shall stand and feed in the strength of the Lord, in the majesty of the name of the Lord his God; and they shall abide: for now shall he be great unto the ends of the earth.

ISAIAH 61:3A – To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness;

The mourning for the burning, that left only ashes from the time of Jacob’s trouble, will be followed by a great mourning in the city of Jerusalem for their forefather’s rejection of the Messiah at his First Advent. But the mourning will be replaced by great rejoicing in the beauty of their returned Messiah, and they will weave the garments of worship to use in the millennial temple.

Zechariah 12:8-14 – In that day shall the Lord defend the inhabitants of Jerusalem; and he that is feeble among them at that day shall be as David; and the house of David shall be as God, as the angel of the Lord before them. [9] And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will seek to destroy all the nations that come against Jerusalem. [10] And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn. [11] In that day shall there be a great mourning in Jerusalem, as the mourning of Hadad-rimmon in the valley of Megiddon. [12] And the land shall mourn, every family apart; the family of the house of David apart, and their wives apart; the family of the house of Nathan apart, and their wives apart; [13] The family of the house of Levi apart, and their wives apart; the family of Shimei apart, and their wives apart; [14] All the families that remain, every family apart, and their wives apart.

The kings, prophets, and priesthood of Israel’s history are delineated in this national assembly of repentance. David represents the kings of Israel from his lineage. David’s and Solomon’s seer, Nathan, represents the long line of prophets of Israel. Levi and his grandson Shimei represent the Priesthood. And all of Israel will be restored to much greater glory than it has ever known.

Isaiah 61:3B – That they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the Lord, that he might be glorified.

God will plant in them his Spirit by the new birth, and will plant them in Israel in the midst of unbelievable fertility.

Amos 9:13-15 – Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that the plowman shall overtake the reaper, and the treader of grapes him that soweth seed; and the mountains shall drop sweet wine, and all the hills shall melt. [14] And I will bring again the captivity of my people of Israel, and they shall build the waste cities, and inhabit them; and they shall plant vineyards, and drink the wine thereof; they shall also make gardens, and eat the fruit of them. [15] And I will plant them upon their land, and they shall no more be pulled up out of their land which I have given them, saith the Lord thy God.

Ezekiel 36:33-38 – Thus saith the Lord God; In the day that I shall have cleansed you from all your iniquities I will also cause you to dwell in the cities, and the wastes shall be builded. [34] And the desolate land shall be tilled, whereas it lay desolate in the sight of all that passed by. [35] And they shall say, This land that was desolate is become like the garden of Eden; and the waste and desolate and ruined cities are become fenced, and are inhabited. [36] Then the heathen that are left round about you shall know that I the Lord build the ruined places, and plant that that was desolate: I the Lord have spoken it, and I will do it. [37] Thus saith the Lord God; I will yet for this be enquired of by the house of Israel, to do it for them; I will increase them with men like a flock. [38] As the holy flock, as the flock of Jerusalem in her solemn feasts; so shall the waste cities be filled with flocks of men: and they shall know that I am the Lord.

John 10:16 – And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold, and one shepherd.

Micah 5:3 – Therefore will he give them up, until the time that she which travaileth hath brought forth: then the remnant of his brethren shall return unto the children of Israel.

Zechariah 14:9 – And the Lord shall be king over all the earth: in that day shall there be one Lord, and