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Light:

A — 1: φῶς
(Strong's #5457 — Noun Neuter — phos — foce )

akin to phao, "to give light" (from roots pha---, and phan---, expressing "light as seen by the eye," and, metaphorically, as "reaching the mind," whence phaino, "to make to appear," phaneros, "evident," etc.); cp. Eng., "phosphorus" (lit., "light-bearing"). "Primarily light is a luminous emanation, probably of force, from certain bodies, which enables the eye to discern form and color. Light requires an organ adapted for its reception (Matthew 6:22 ). Where the eye is absent, or where it has become impaired from any cause, light is useless. Man, naturally, is incapable of receiving spiritual light inasmuch as he lacks the capacity for spiritual things, 1 Corinthians 2:14 . Hence believers are called 'sons of light,' Luke 16:8 , not merely because they have received a revelation from God, but because in the New Birth they have received the spiritual capacity for it.


"Apart from natural phenomena, light is used in Scripture of (a) the glory of God's dwelling-place, 1 Timothy 6:16 ; (b) the nature of God, 1 John 1:5 ; (c) the impartiality of God, James 1:17 ; (d) the favor of God, Psalm 4:6 ; of the King, Proverbs 16:15 ; of an influential man, Job 29:24 ; (e) God, as the illuminator of His people, Isaiah 60:19,20 ; (f) the Lord Jesus as the illuminator of men, John 1:4,5,9 ; 3:19 ; 8:12 ; 9:5 ; 12:35,36,46 ; Acts 13:47 ; (g) the illuminating power of the Scriptures, Psalm 119:105 ; and of the judgments and commandments of God, Isaiah 51:4 ; Proverbs 6:23 , cp. Psalm 43:3 ; (h) the guidance of God, Job 29:3 ; Psalm 112:4 ; Isaiah 58:10 ; and, ironically, of the guidance of man, Romans 2:19 ; (i) salvation, 1 Peter 2:9 ; (j) righteousness, Romans 13:12 ; 2 Corinthians 11:14,15 ; 1 John 2:9,10 ; (k) witness for God, Matthew 5:14,16 ; John 5:35 ; (l) prosperity and general well-being, Esther 8:16 ; Job 18:18 ; Isaiah 58:8-10 ." * [* From Notes on Thessalonians, by Hogg and Vine, pp. 159,160.]

A — 2: φωστήρ
(Strong's #5458 — Noun Masculine — phoster — foce-tare' )

denotes "a luminary, light," or "light-giver;" it is used figuratively of believers, as shining in the spiritual darkness of the world, Philippians 2:15 ; in Revelation 21:11 it is used of Christ as the "Light" reflected in and shining through the heavenly city (cp. Revelation 21:23 ). In the Sept., Genesis 1:14,16 .


A — 3: φωτισμός
(Strong's #5462 — Noun Masculine — photismos — fo-tis-mos' )

"an illumination, light," is used metaphorically in 2 Corinthians 4:4 , of the "light" of the Gospel, and in 2 Corinthians 4:6 , of the knowledge of the glory of God. In the Sept., Job 3:9 ; Psalm 27:1 ; 44:3 ; 78:14 ; 90:8 ; 139:11 .


A — 4: φέγγος
(Strong's #5338 — Noun Neuter — phengos — feng'-gos )

"brightness, luster," is used of the "light" of the moon, Matthew 24:29 ; Mark 13:24 ; of a lamp, Luke 11:33 (some mss. have phos, here).


A — 5: λύχνος
(Strong's #3088 — Noun Masculine — luchnos — lookh'-nos )

"a hand-lamp:"


A — 6: λαμπάς
(Strong's #2985 — Noun Feminine — lampas — lam-pas' )

"a torch:"


B — 1: φωτίζω
(Strong's #5461 — Verb — photizo — fo-tid'-zo )

used (a) intrasitively, signifies "to shine, give light," Revelation 22:5 ; (b) transitively, (1) "to illumine, to light, enlighten, to be lightened," Luke 11:36 ; Revelation 21:23 ; in the Passive Voice, Revelation 18:1 ; metaphorically, of spiritual enlightenment, John 1:9 ; Ephesians 1:18 ; 3:9 , "to make ... see;" Hebrews 6:4 ; 10:32 , "ye were enlightened," RV (AV, "... illuminated"); (2) "to bring to light," 1 Corinthians 4:5 (of God's act in the future); 2 Timothy 1:10 (of God's act in the past).


B — 2: ἐπιφαύσκω
(Strong's #2017 — Verb — epiphausko — ep-ee-fow'-o )

or possibly epiphauo, "to shine forth," is rendered "shall give ... light," in Ephesians 5:14 , AV (RV, "shall shine upon"), of the glory of Christ, illumining the believer who fulfills the conditions, so that being guided by His "light" he reflects His character. See SHINE. Cp. epiphosko, "to dawn" (really a variant form of epiphausko).


B — 3: λάμπω
(Strong's #2989 — Verb — lampo — lam'-po )

"to give the light of a torch," is rendered "giveth light" in Matthew 5:15 , AV (RV, "shineth"). 

B — 4: ἐπιφαίνω
(Strong's #2014 — Verb — epiphaino — ep-ee-fah'ee-no )

transitively, "to show forth" (epi, "upon," phaino, "to cause to shine"), is used intransitively and metaphorically in Luke 1:79 , and rendered "to give light," AV (RV, "to shine upon").


B — 5: ἅπτω
(Strong's #681 — Verb — hapto — hap'-to )

"to kindle a fire" and so give "light:"


B — 6: καίω
(Strong's #2545 — Verb — kaio — kah'-yo )

"to burn," is translated "do (men) light" in Matthew 5:15 .


B — 7: ἀστράπτω
(Strong's #797 — Verb — astrapto — as-trap'-to )

"to flash forth, lighten as lightning" (akin to astrape, "lightning"), occurs in Luke 17:24 ; 24:4 (AV "shining;" RV, "dazzling").

 

Note: In Luke 2:32 , AV, the noun apokalupsis, "an unveiling, revelation," preceded by eis, "unto, with a view to," is rendered "to lighten" (RV, "for revelation;" marg., "(the) unveiling").

C — 1: φωτεινός
(Strong's #5460 — Adjective — photeinos — fo-ti-nos' )

from phos (A, No. 1), "bright," is rendered "full of light" in Matthew 6:22 ; Luke 11:34,36 (twice), figuratively, of the single-mindedness of the eye, which acts as the lamp of the body; in Matthew 17:5 , "bright," of a cloud. 


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These files are public domain.

Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Light, Noun, And Verb, Lighten'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words.

 http://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/view.cgi?n=l/light-noun-and-verb-lighten.html. 1940.


http://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/l/light-noun-and-verb-lighten.html


Matt.4

  1. [16] The people which sat in darkness saw great light; and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death light is sprung up.

Matt.5

  1. [14] Ye are the light of the world. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid.
  2. [15] Neither do men light a candle, and put it under a bushel, but on a candlestick; and it giveth light unto all that are in the house.
  3. [16] Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.

Matt.6

  1. [22] The light of the body is the eye: if therefore thine eye be single, thy whole body shall be full of light.
  2. [23] But if thine eye be evil, thy whole body shall be full of darkness. If therefore the light that is in thee be darkness, how great is that darkness!

Matt.10

  1. [27] What I tell you in darkness, that speak ye in light: and what ye hear in the ear, that preach ye upon the housetops.

Matt.17

  1. [2] And was transfigured before them: and his face did shine as the sun, and his raiment was white as the light.

Matt.24

  1. [27] For as the lightning cometh out of the east, and shineth even unto the west; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.
  2. [29] Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken:

Matt.28

  1. [3] His countenance was like lightning, and his raiment white as snow:

Mark.13

  1. [24] But in those days, after that tribulation, the sun shall be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light,

Luke.1

  1. [79] To give light to them that sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the way of peace.

Luke.2

  1. [32] A light to lighten the Gentiles, and the glory of thy people Israel.

Luke.8

  1. [16] No man, when he hath lighted a candle, covereth it with a vessel, or putteth it under a bed; but setteth it on a candlestick, that they which enter in may see the light.

Luke.10

  1. [18] And he said unto them, I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven.

Luke.11

  1. [33] No man, when he hath lighted a candle, putteth it in a secret place, neither under a bushel, but on a candlestick, that they which come in may see the light.
  2. [34] The light of the body is the eye: therefore when thine eye is single, thy whole body also is full of light; but when thine eye is evil, thy body also is full of darkness.
  3. [35] Take heed therefore that the light which is in thee be not darkness.
  4. [36] If thy whole body therefore be full of light, having no part dark, the whole shall be full of light, as when the bright shining of a candle doth give thee light.

Luke.12

  1. [3] Therefore whatsoever ye have spoken in darkness shall be heard in the light; and that which ye have spoken in the ear in closets shall be proclaimed upon the housetops.
  2. [35] Let your loins be girded about, and your lights burning;

Luke.15

  1. [8] Either what woman having ten pieces of silver, if she lose one piece, doth not light a candle, and sweep the house, and seek diligently till she find it?

Luke.16

  1. [8] And the lord commended the unjust steward, because he had done wisely: for the children of this world are in their generation wiser than the children of light.

Luke.17

  1. [24] For as the lightning, that lighteneth out of the one part under heaven, shineth unto the other part under heaven; so shall also the Son of man be in his day.

John.1

  1. [4] In him was life; and the life was the light of men.
  2. [5] And the light shineth in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not.
  3. [7] The same came for a witness, to bear witness of the Light, that all men through him might believe.
  4. [8] He was not that Light, but was sent to bear witness of that Light.
  5. [9] That was the true Light, which lighteth every man that cometh into the world.

John.3

  1. [19] And this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil.
  2. [20] For every one that doeth evil hateth the light, neither cometh to the light, lest his deeds should be reproved.
  3. [21] But he that doeth truth cometh to the light, that his deeds may be made manifest, that they are wrought in God.

John.5

  1. [35] He was a burning and a shining light: and ye were willing for a season to rejoice in his light.

John.8

  1. [12] Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.

John.9

  1. [5] As long as I am in the world, I am the light of the world.

John.11

  1. [9] Jesus answered, Are there not twelve hours in the day? If any man walk in the day, he stumbleth not, because he seeth the light of this world.
  2. [10] But if a man walk in the night, he stumbleth, because there is no light in him.

John.12

  1. [35] Then Jesus said unto them, Yet a little while is the light with you. Walk while ye have the light, lest darkness come upon you: for he that walketh in darkness knoweth not whither he goeth.
  2. [36] While ye have light, believe in the light, that ye may be the children of light. These things spake Jesus, and departed, and did hide himself from them.
  3. [46] I am come a light into the world, that whosoever believeth on me should not abide in darkness.

Acts.9

  1. [3] And as he journeyed, he came near Damascus: and suddenly there shined round about him a light from heaven:

Acts.12

  1. [7] And, behold, the angel of the Lord came upon him, and a light shined in the prison: and he smote Peter on the side, and raised him up, saying, Arise up quickly. And his chains fell off from his hands.

Acts.13

  1. [47] For so hath the Lord commanded us, saying, I have set thee to be a light of the Gentiles, that thou shouldest be for salvation unto the ends of the earth.

Acts.16

  1. [29] Then he called for a light, and sprang in, and came trembling, and fell down before Paul and Silas,

Acts.20

  1. [8] And there were many lights in the upper chamber, where they were gathered together.

Acts.22

  1. [6] And it came to pass, that, as I made my journey, and was come nigh unto Damascus about noon, suddenly there shone from heaven a great light round about me.
  2. [9] And they that were with me saw indeed the light, and were afraid; but they heard not the voice of him that spake to me.
  3. [11] And when I could not see for the glory of that light, being led by the hand of them that were with me, I came into Damascus.

Acts.26

  1. [13] At midday, O king, I saw in the way a light from heaven, above the brightness of the sun, shining round about me and them which journeyed with me.
  2. [18] To open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among them which are sanctified by faith that is in me.
  3. [23] That Christ should suffer, and that he should be the first that should rise from the dead, and should shew light unto the people, and to the Gentiles.

Rom.2

  1. [19] And art confident that thou thyself art a guide of the blind, a light of them which are in darkness,

Rom.13

  1. [12] The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light.

1Cor.4

  1. [5] Therefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord come, who both will bring to light the hidden things of darkness, and will make manifest the counsels of the hearts: and then shall every man have praise of God.

2Cor.4

  1. [4] In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them.
  2. [6] For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.

2Cor.6

  1. [14] Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness? and what communion hath light with darkness?

2Cor.11

  1. [14] And no marvel; for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light.

Eph.5

  1. [8] For ye were sometimes darkness, but now are ye light in the Lord: walk as children of light:
  2. [13] But all things that are reproved are made manifest by the light: for whatsoever doth make manifest is light.
  3. [14] Wherefore he saith, Awake thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead, and Christ shall give thee light.

Phil.2

  1. [15] That ye may be blameless and harmless, the sons of God, without rebuke, in the midst of a crooked and perverse nation, among whom ye shine as lights in the world;

Col.1

  1. [12] Giving thanks unto the Father, which hath made us meet to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints in light:

1Thes.5

  1. [5] Ye are all the children of light, and the children of the day: we are not of the night, nor of darkness.

1Tim.6

  1. [16] Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to whom be honour and power everlasting. Amen.

2Tim.1

  1. [10] But is now made manifest by the appearing of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who hath abolished death, and hath brought life and immortality to light through the gospel:

Jas.1

  1. [17] Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down from the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning.

1Pet.2

  1. [9] But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light:

2Pet.1

  1. [19] We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your hearts:

 

1John.1

  1. [5] This then is the message which we have heard of him, and declare unto you, that God is light, and in him is no darkness at all.
  2. [7] But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin.

1John.2

  1. [8] Again, a new commandment I write unto you, which thing is true in him and in you: because the darkness is past, and the true light now shineth.
  2. [9] He that saith he is in the light, and hateth his brother, is in darkness even until now.
  3. [10] He that loveth his brother abideth in the light, and there is none occasion of stumbling in him.

Rev.4

  1. [5] And out of the throne proceeded lightnings and thunderings and voices: and there were seven lamps of fire burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of God.

Rev.7

  1. [16] They shall hunger no more, neither thirst any more; neither shall the sun light on them, nor any heat.

Rev.8

  1. [5] And the angel took the censer, and filled it with fire of the altar, and cast it into the earth: and there were voices, and thunderings, and lightnings, and an earthquake.

Rev.11

  1. [19] And the temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in his temple the ark of his testament: and there were lightnings, and voices, and thunderings, and an earthquake, and great hail.

Rev.16

  1. [18] And there were voices, and thunders, and lightnings; and there was a great earthquake, such as was not since men were upon the earth, so mighty an earthquake, and so great.

Rev.18

  1. [1] And after these things I saw another angel come down from heaven, having great power; and the earth was lightened with his glory.
  2. [23] And the light of a candle shall shine no more at all in thee; and the voice of the bridegroom and of the bride shall be heard no more at all in thee: for thy merchants were the great men of the earth; for by thy sorceries were all nations deceived.

Rev.21

  1. [11] Having the glory of God: and her light was like unto a stone most precious, even like a jasper stone, clear as crystal;
  2. [23] And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof.
  3. [24] And the nations of them which are saved shall walk in the light of it: and the kings of the earth do bring their glory and honour into it.

Rev.22

  1. [5] And there shall be no night there; and they need no candle, neither light of the sun; for the Lord God giveth them light: and they shall reign for ever and ever.