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Most of the people throughout the world will not believe the reality of the End of the World; understood as the Great Tribulation Period, which is actually the End of the Age of Grace and the Beginning of the Millennial Age, until an earthquake causes the ground to move beneath their feet and the sky rolls black with volcanic ash and their entire Earth Life is being destroyed right before their eyes...
The "Sea and Waves Roaring" could also be referring to Tsunamis.
But do not rule out Hurricanes...
And there shall be signs in the sun and in the moon and in the stars; and upon the earth distress of nations, with perplexity; the sea and the waves roaring; men's hearts failing them for fear and looking after those things which are coming on the earth: for the powers of heaven shall be shaken. And then shall they see the Son of man coming in a cloud with power and great glory. And when these things begin to come to pass, then look up and lift up your heads; for your redemption draweth nigh.
What about the “the sea and the waves roaring;”? Can we find any insight as to what the Lord was talking about?
King James Version: Revelation 8:8 And the second angel sounded, and as it were a great mountain burning with fire was cast into the sea: and the third part of the sea became blood;
King James Version: Revelation 8:9 And the third part of the creatures which were in the sea, and had life, died; and the third part of the ships were destroyed.
Hurricane Sandy as seen from NOAA's GOES-13 satellite on October 28, 2012. Image courtesy of NOAA/NASA.
In the Atlantic and Northeast Pacific, we use the term "hurricane" to describe severe storms with high-velocity winds that rotate around a central, low-pressure core. The same type of disturbance in the Northwest Pacific is called a “typhoon” and “cyclones” occur in the South Pacific and Indian Ocean.
In order for a hurricane to form, two things must be present: a
weather disturbance, such as a thunderstorm, that pulls in warm surface
air from all directions and water at the ocean’s surface that is at
least 80° Fahrenheit (27° Celsius). Because it is the interaction of
warm air and warm seawater that spawns these storms, they form over
tropical oceans between about 5 and 20 degrees of latitude. At these
latitudes, seawater is hot enough to give the storms strength and the
rotation of the Earth makes them spin.
Hurricanes start simply with the evaporation of warm seawater,
which pumps water into the lower atmosphere. This humid air is then
dragged aloft when converging winds collide and turn upwards. At higher
altitudes, water vapor starts to condense into clouds and rain,
releasing heat that warms the surrounding air, causing it to rise as
well. As the air far above the sea rushes upward, even more warm moist
air spirals in from along the surface to replace it.
As long as the base of this weather system remains over warm water and its top is not sheared apart by high-altitude winds, it will strengthen and grow. More and more heat and water will be pumped into the air. The pressure at its core will drop further and further, sucking in wind at ever increasing speeds. Over several hours to days, the storm will intensify, finally reaching hurricane status when the winds that swirl around it reach sustained speeds of 74 miles per hour or more.
Eventually, hurricanes turn away from the tropics and into mid-latitudes. Once they move over cold water or over land and lose touch with the hot water that powers them, these storms weaken and break apart.
Recent studies have shown a link between ocean surface temperatures and tropical storm intensity – warmer waters fuel more energetic storms.
Between June 1st and November 30th and peaking between late August and mid-September, the Atlantic Ocean becomes a meteorological mixing bowl, with all of the ingredients necessary to create the recipe for hurricanes. And when it does, NASA has a cadre of satellites ready to serve up a feast of information to the forecasters who seek to monitor and better understand these awesome storms.
Right Image: Sea-viewing Wide-Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS)
instrument on the Orbview-2 satellite captured this picture of Fabian
Sept. 4, 2003, near Bermuda but not too far from the United States' East
Coast. Click image to zoom into Hurricane Fabian Credit: NASA/Orbimage. Click here for high resolution image.
NASA satellites are critical in helping forecasters determine if all of the ingredients are coming together to make a hurricane, and if so, how strong the hurricane may be, and who in coastal communities and at sea will be at risk. NASA satellites improve hurricane forecasts using space-based observations, data assimilation, and computer climate modeling. NASA-sponsored measurements and modeling of global sea surface temperature, precipitation, winds and sea surface height have also improved our understanding of El Nino and La Nina events, which tend to enhance and suppress Atlantic and Gulf hurricane development, respectively.
Thirty years ago, meteorologists were unable to see the factors in hurricane formation and could only spot a hurricane with still pictures from the TIROS-N satellite. Over the past 10 years, visible and infrared satellite sensors were still the workhorses for monitoring hurricanes. Now, multiple NASA satellites exploit everything from radar pulses to microwaves to enhance forecasts, providing data to researchers several times a day.
Take Warm Water, Stir
Sea surface temperatures must be 82 degrees Fahrenheit (F) or warmer for tropical cyclone formation and sustenance. The Aqua satellite's Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer (AMSR-E) and the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Microwave Imager can detect sea surface temperatures (SST) through clouds, which is valuable information in determining the direction a tropical cyclone is moving and whether it may strengthen or weaken. Traditional satellite measurements of SST use infrared instruments and are limited to cloud-free regions. The Jason-1 satellite altimeter provides data on sea surface height, a key measurement of ocean energy available to encourage and sustain hurricanes.
Images to left: Orange and red
indicate the necessary 82-degree and warmer sea surface temperatures
(SSTs) needed. The data for this image was collected by the Advanced
Microwave Scanning Radiometer-EOS (AMSR/E) aboard the Aqua satellite
from May 2002. Click images to see animation
Next, add a disturbance, seen in right image, generally easterly waves off of Africa, formed from winds resulting from the clash between the hot Sahara Desert and the cooler Gulf of Guinea. These waves provide the initial energy and spin required for a hurricane to develop, as imaged by the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES, operated by NOAA) on Sept. 1-15, 2001.
Mix Thoroughly, Bake
Another necessary ingredient is rotating winds over the ocean's surface. These winds are a precursor to tropical cyclone development and the SeaWinds instruments aboard Japan's Midori 2 and NASA's QuikSCAT satellites can detect these winds before other instruments, providing even earlier notice of developing storms to forecasters and scientists.
Image to left: Wind speed/direction, from Seawinds instrument on QuikScat satellite. Click image to see animation of winds mixing with sea surface temperatures to form a hurricane. Credit: NASA
With the right mix of winds and SSTs, an ordinary cluster of tropical thunderstorms can explode into a tropical storm. Winds converge, forming the familiar circular pattern of clouds. Warm, rising air in the storms draws water vapor up from the ocean. The vapor condenses in clouds and releases heat, warming the eye, evaporating more surface water and feeding the hurricane's heat engine, continuing the cycle.
Hurricane Heat Engine
Air temperature and humidity are also important factors. The Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) experiment suite aboard the Aqua satellite obtains measurements of global temperature and humidity throughout the atmosphere. Improved representation of atmospheric temperature and humidity may lead to improved weather forecasts and improved determination of cyclone intensity, location and tracks and the severe weather associated with storms, such as damaging winds.Cloud structure, from Visible and Infrared Scanner (VIRS) on the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite. Click image to see movie of hurricane's heat engine. Credit: NASA/NASDA
Hurricanes essentially act as engines, drawing energy up from warm tropical ocean waters to power the intense winds, powerful thunderstorms, and immense ocean surges. Water vapor from the warm ocean surface evaporates, forming towering convective clouds that surround the eyewall and rainband regions of the storm. As the water vapor cools and condenses from a gas back to a liquid state it releases latent heat. The released heat warms the surrounding air, making it lighter and promoting more clouds. Because the hurricane-speed winds surrounding the clear eye are often absent from the center of a hurricane, the heaviest rain clouds are pushed out to form a ring around the center, leaving a relatively fair-weather eye.
Rainfall intensity is the final ingredient, and the TRMM Precipitation Radar provides "cat-scan"-like views of rainfall in the massive thunderstorms of hurricanes. TRMM instruments probe young tropical systems for rainfall intensity. These initial disturbances of thunderstorms could hint at tropical storm development based on rainfall intensity. TRMM also sees "hot towers" or vertical columns of rapidly rising air that indicate very strong thunderstorms. These towers are like powerful pistons that convert energy from water vapor into a powerful wind and rain producing engine.
By synthesizing data from multiple
instruments and satellites, scientists get a full picture of the many
ingredients of a hurricane. Click image to see animation of hurricane model. Credit: NASDA/NASA
Once a storm develops, TRMM provides an inside view of how organized and tightly spiraled rainbands are, key indicators of storm intensity.
TRMM covers the global tropics and doesn't rely on a tropical disturbance being close to land to determine its intensity from hurricane hunter flights through it. TRMM provides tropical cyclone intensity information from the safe distance of space. For this reason the Hurricane Center and the Department of Defense's Joint Typhoon Warning Center often rely on TRMM, QuikSCAT and other NASA satellites for early assessment of young storms in the open ocean.
The hurricane monitoring capabilities enabled by these satellites are funded by NASA's Earth Science Enterprise (ESE), whose mission is to protect and understand our home planet by enabling improved prediction capability for climate, weather, and natural hazards
FUTURE OF FORECASTING
The Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) aboard NASA's Aqua satellite, furnishes three-dimensional views of temperature, humidity and clouds in the atmosphere. AIRS observes the temperatures of cloud tops via infrared energy, and, with the help of a pair of companion microwave-energy sensors, maps temperature and humidity inside and below clouds. This shows scientists a storm's inner structure, including its most intense regions. A high-resolution visible wavelength sensor adds information about the clouds' fine structure. With AIRS, these observations come simultaneously from a single satellite, while previously scientists coordinated observations taken hours apart from several satellitesThe Atmospheric Infrared Sounder experiment on NASA's Aqua spacecraft reveals important new information to supplement the familiar overhead views of hurricanes (called typhoons in the Western Pacific) that come from satellites. Here AIRS shows some of the internal temperature structure of Supertyphoon Pongsona just as it hit the island of Guam on December 8, 2002. Click image to see more information and animation about this image.
This video segment adapted from NOVA scienceNOW highlights research that supports the idea that warmer oceans generate and sustain more intense hurricanes. Ongoing monitoring of sea surface temperature (SST) has supplied evidence that the world's oceans warmed 0.5°C between 1970 and 2005. Because hurricanes rely on warm water to release heat into the upper atmosphere and create spiraling winds, any additional energy can result in increased intensity. The video examines factors scientists use to predict hurricane behavior, and states that the complex nature of hurricane formation makes predicting with a high degree of accuracy very difficult.
Volcanic Burning of the Vatican City
 Therefore shall her plagues come in one day, death, and mourning,
and famine; and she shall be utterly burned with fire: for strong is the Lord God who judgeth
her.  And the kings of the earth, who have committed fornication and lived
deliciously with her, shall bewail her, and lament for her, when they shall see
smoke of her burning,  Standing afar off for the fear of her torment,
saying, Alas, alas, that great city Babylon, that mighty city! For in one hour
is thy judgment come.  The merchants of these things, which were
made rich by her, shall stand afar off for the fear of her torment,
weeping and wailing,  For in one hour so great riches is come
to naught. And every shipmaster, and all the company in ships, and
sailors, and as many as trade by sea, stood afar off,  And cried
when they saw the smoke of her burning, saying, What city is like unto this
great city!  And they cast dust on their heads, and cried, weeping
and wailing, saying, Alas, alas, that great city, wherein were made rich all
that had ships in the sea by reason of her costliness! For in one hour is she made
The Greek word definitions:
burned with fire - to burn up, blasted and consume by fire.
18:9 & 19
- the smoke of her burning - the
burning by which metals are roasted and reduced; by a figure drawn from a
refiners fire; calamities or trials that test the character.
18:10 & 15
– torment - to torture, a testing by
the touchstone, which is a black siliceous stone used to test the purity of
gold or silver by the color of the streak produced on it by rubbing it with
Revelation 18:17 & 19 - come to naught & made desolate - to make desolate, lay waste, to ruin, bring to desolation, to despoil one, strip her of her treasures.
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