Home      AN EXPOSITION OF PSALM 102:11-22 – Part 1-3

AN EXPOSITION OF PSALM 102:11-22 – Part 1-3


June 22, 2006

AN EXPOSITION OF PSALM 102:11-22 – Part 1

PSALM 102:11 – My days are like a shadow that declineth; and I am withered like grass.

“My days are like a shadow that declineth:”

This refers, most likely, to the shadow created by a sun dial in ancient times, which began to cast a shadow in the morning that laid down to rest when the sun set that day.  It is an allusion to the declining years of a person’s life after having made a bright shinning entrance into life at birth.  It needs to be compared to our heavenly Father of lights, whose light shows no variation in its consistency and dependability, and casts no shadow on the sundial of life to tell the time, because it is eternal and has no measure of beginning or ending.  His gift of salvation, to those who receive his Son as savior, bears the characteristics of his eternal life.  This is the point James is making using the figure of a sundial in his epistle.

James 1:16,17 – Do not err, my beloved brethren. [17] Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down from the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning.

John 1:4 – In him was life; and the life was the light of men.

“And I am withered like grass.”

The same figure is presented of death approaching like a declining shadow on a sundial, but this time a picture of grass fading away from its beauty in the spring to a withered brown as the end of life approaches.  When we look back at the pictures of the spring of our lives we see unwrinkled smooth vibrant skin, but in the fall of our lives we see wrinkled browning skin that is thin and easy to crack.  If we know Christ as our savior we are able to rejoice in the deterioration of our flesh because we know we will one day receive a new body like his, one never to be affected by the passage of time.  My soul was made new when it was born again 61 years ago, and my old physical body will be made new at the time of the first resurrection.

I Peter 1:24,25 – For all flesh is as grass, and all the glory of man as the flower of grass. The grass withereth, and the flower thereof falleth away: [25] But the word of the Lord endureth for ever. And this is the word which by the gospel is preached unto you.

The gospel is the preaching of the cross, not of the cross and baptism.

I Corinthians 1:17,18 – For Christ sent me not to baptize, but to preach the gospel: not with wisdom of words, lest the cross of Christ should be made of none effect. [18] For the preaching of the cross is to them that perish foolishness; but unto us which are saved it is the power of God.

The gospel gives the new birth, it is not baptism that gives it as a gift from above.  It is belief in the gospel, the word of God.

I Peter 1:23 – Being born again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of God, which liveth and abideth for ever.

John 3:6,7 – That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. [7] Marvel not that I said unto thee, Ye must be born again.

Believing the words of Christ gives the new birth from above – not the entering of the flesh into water.

John 6:63 – It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life.

I Corinthians 15:50,51 – Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither doth corruption inherit incorruption. [51] Behold, I shew you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed,

I John 3:2 – Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is.

I have known many men and women who thrive on the study of prophecy because they want to have a really good idea of when Jesus is coming to give his saints new glorified bodies at the first resurrection.  I hope you do not have that impression of me.  I settled something a long time ago about the coming of the Lord.  I could die before I finish typing what you are reading.  Isn’t that a time that Jesus comes for a person, isn’t that a catching out of the soul to heaven.  I try to live every day as though it were my last, and trust God to take care of tomorrow.  Isn’t that the message implied by James in his epistle.  For those of you who have personally known me, have you not noticed how many times I say, Lord willing?  My Grandmother McElmurry taught me what James meant, which was one of the great blessings of my life.

James 4:13-15 – Go to now, ye that say, To day or to morrow we will go into such a city, and continue there a year, and buy and sell, and get gain: [14] Whereas ye know not what shall be on the morrow. For what is your life? It is even a vapour, that appeareth for a little time, and then vanisheth away. [15] For that ye ought to say, If the Lord WILL, we shall live, and do this, or that.

James 1:18 –  Of his own WILL begat he us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures.

II Peter 3:9 – The Lord is not slack concerning his pro-mise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, not WILLING that any should perish, but that all should come to REPENTANCE.

Acts 20:21 – Testifying both to the Jews, and also to the Greeks, REPENTANCE toward God, and faith toward our Lord Jesus Christ.

Luke 9:25 – For what is a man advantaged, if he gain the whole world, and lose himself, or be cast away?

John 10:28-30 – And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand. [29] My Father, which gave them me, is greater than all; and no man is able to pluck them out of my Father's hand. [30] I and my Father are one.

John 5:24,40 – Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life. [40] And ye will not come to me, that ye might have life.

PSALM 102:11 – My days are like a shadow that declineth; and I am withered like grass.

Matthew 24:35 – Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away.

Romans 10:17 – So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.

Romans 10:13 – For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved. 



June 25, 2006

AN EXPOSITION OF PSALM 102:11-22 – Part 2

Psalm 102:11,12 – My days are like a shadow that declineth; and I am withered like grass. [12] But thou, O Lord, shalt endure for ever; and thy remembrance unto all generations.

As I indicated in Part 1, the figure of a shadow likely is used to picture the movement of the shadow passing across a primitive sun dial during the course of a day, much as a man’s shadow appears on the earth at birth and lies down to be seen no more at death. The first shadow casting by the sun on primitive sun dials began in Egypt before King David was born, and the sun dial is mentioned in the Bible as far back as the time of King Ahaz. Herodotus mentions the sun dial was being used in Babylonia before his time. And man’s life is marked by the same yearly picture manifested by the life of a field of grass from Spring to Fall, but over a cycle from birth to death, marked by the ageing in his flesh with the passage of time. So verse 11 points to the temporary nature of man’s time in his physical body of birth. But verse 12 then quickly contrasts man’s brief life cycle in the flesh with God’s eternal existence. And it should remind us that the life we receive from Christ is eternal in nature, and will never be taken from us after we have received it, because he lives eternally as our advocate.

“But thou, O Lord, shalt endure forever;”

Hebrews 7:23-25 – And they truly were many priests, because they were not suffered to continue by reason of death: [24] But this man, because he continueth ever, hath an unchangeable priesthood. [25] Wherefore he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them.

Hebrews 13:5 – Let your conversation be without covetousness; and be content with such things as ye have: for he hath said, I will never leave thee, nor forsake thee.

Romans 8:38,39 – For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come, [39] Nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.

“And thy remembrance unto all generations.”

Man has been calling on the Lord for a very long time, believing that the third seed of Eve that she received from the Lord was the forerunner of the promised seed of Genesis 3:15, and he has remembrance of all the men who have called on the seed to save them from that time in every generation, right up to the last one.

Genesis 3:15 – And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.

Genesis 4:25,26 – And Adam knew his wife again; and she bare a son, and called his name Seth: For God, said she, hath appointed me another seed instead of Abel, whom Cain slew. [26] And to Seth, to him also there was born a son; and he called his name Enos: then began men to call upon the name of the Lord.

Romans 3:23,26 – For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God; [24] Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus: [25] Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the REMISSION OF SINS THAT ARE PAST, THROUGH THE FORBEARANCE OF GOD; [26] To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.

The blood of Christ on the cross was shed for the full remission of the sins of all the Old Testament believers, through the forbearance of God. His blood is the full atonement for all sins, past, present, and future.

Hebrews 13:8 – Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to day, and for ever.

John 8:56-59 – Your father Abraham rejoiced to see my day: and he saw it, and was glad. [57] Then said the Jews unto him, Thou art not yet fifty years old, and hast thou seen Abraham? [58] Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am. [59] Then took they up stones to cast at him: but Jesus hid himself, and went out of the temple, going through the midst of them, and so passed by.

We are saved by believing that only the living Son of God has the power to save and keep us as the King of heaven. We are not saved or kept by out good works, but by the power of the one who gave his blood as the total redemption price for our sins.

John 11:25,26 – Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live: [26] And whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die. Believest thou this?

Colossians 2:9,10 – For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily. [10] And ye are complete in him, which is the head of all principality and power:

Matthew 28:18 – And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.

Romans 4:5-8 – But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness. [6] Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man, unto whom God imputeth righteousness without works, [7] Saying, Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered. [8] Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin.

Psalm 102:11,12 – My days are like a shadow that declineth; and I am withered like grass. [12] But thou, O Lord, shalt endure for ever; and thy remembrance unto all generations.

Please allow me to show you a man who had no chance to perform good works for entrance into heaven, whose whole wasted life was behind him, and yet who was both saved and kept by his belief that Jesus is the Son of God who is the King of kings, and that he alone could grant him access to heaven by his remembrance of him.

Luke 23:36-43 – And the soldiers also mocked him, coming to him, and offering him vinegar, [37] And saying, If thou be the king of the Jews, save thyself. [38] And a superscription also was written over him in letters of Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew, THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS. [39] And one of the malefactors which were hanged railed on him, saying, If thou be Christ, save thyself and us. [40] But the other answering rebuked him, saying, Dost not thou fear God, seeing thou art in the same condemnation? [41] And we indeed justly; for we receive the due reward of our deeds: but this man hath done nothing amiss. [42] And he said unto Jesus, Lord, remember me when thou comest into thy kingdom. [43] And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with me in paradise.


June 28, 2006

AN EXPOSITION OF PSALM 102:11-22 – Part 3

Psalm 102:13 – Thou shalt arise, and have mercy upon Zion: for the time to favour her, yea, the set time, is come.

Matthew 23:38,39 – Behold, your house is left unto you desolate. [39] For I say unto you, Ye shall not see me henceforth, till ye shall say, Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord.

After leaving Israel spiritually desolate in verse 38, the Lord advised in verse 39 he would, when the set time arrived at some future date, arise and have mercy upon Jerusalem, and once again he would favor her and her temple, just as it was stated in 102:13 by the Psalmist. Jesus advised the high priest that this set time of future mercy would arrive at his Second Advent.

Matthew 26:63,64 – But Jesus held his peace. And the high priest answered and said unto him, I adjure thee by the living God, that thou tell us whether thou be the Christ, the Son of God. [64] Jesus saith unto him, Thou hast said: nevertheless I say unto you, Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven.

Matthew 24:30 – And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory.

At this future set time of mercy, which would follow the time of Jacob’s trouble, Messiah was scheduled to arise with healing in his wings.

Malachi 4:1-3 – For, behold, the day cometh, that shall burn as an oven; and all the proud, yea, and all that do wickedly, shall be stubble and the day that cometh shall burn them up, saith the Lord of hosts, that it shall leave them neither root nor branch. [2] But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall. [3] And ye shall tread down the wicked; for they shall be ashes under the soles of your feet in the day that I shall do this saith the Lord of hosts

This healing in his wings was refused by their fathers, and they would not accept it, but the final generation of Jews who survive Jacob’s trouble, will be sheltered by the same wings their fathers rejected. And Messiah will feed them his word like a loving shepherd of sheep.

Matthew 23:37 – O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings, and ye would not!

Micah 5:4 – And he shall stand and feed in the strength of the Lord, in the majesty of the name of the Lord his God; and they shall abide: for now shall he be great unto the ends of the earth.

Luke 1:30-33 – And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary: for thou hast found favour with God. [31] And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name Jesus. [32] He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David: [33] And he shall reign over the house of Jacob forever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end.

Micah 5:7-9 – And the remnant of Jacob shall be in the midst of many people as a dew from the Lord, as the showers upon the grass, that tarrieth not for man, nor waiteth for the sons of men. [8] And the remnant of Jacob shall be among the Gentiles in the midst of many people as a lion among the beasts of the forest, as a young lion among the flocks of sheep: who, if he go through, both treadeth down, and teareth in pieces, and none can deliver. [9] Thine hand shall be lifted up upon thine adversaries, and all thine enemies shall be cut off.

Isaiah 60:10-12 – And the sons of strangers shall build up thy walls, and their kings shall minister unto thee: for in my wrath I smote thee, but in my favour have I had mercy on thee. [11] Therefore thy gates shall be open continually; they shall not be shut day nor night; that men may bring unto thee the forces of the Gentiles, and that their kings may be brought. [12] For the nation and kingdom that will not serve thee shall perish; yea, those nations shall be utterly wasted.

Zechariah 14:16 – And it shall come to pass, that every one that is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall even go up from year to year to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, and to keep the feast of tabernacles.

Isaiah 2:2-4 – And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain of the Lord's house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and all nations shall flow unto it. [3] And many people shall go and say, Come ye, and let us go up to the mountain of the Lord, to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of the Lord from Jerusalem. [4] And he shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many people: and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.

Joel 3:16-21 – The Lord also shall roar out of Zion, and utter his voice from Jerusalem; and the heavens and the earth shall shake: but the Lord will be the hope of his people, and the strength of the children of Israel. [17] So shall ye know that I am the Lord your God dwelling in Zion, my holy mountain: then shall Jerusalem be holy, and there shall no strangers pass through her any more. [18] And it shall come to pass in that day, that the mountains shall drop down new wine, and the hills shall flow with milk, and all the rivers of Judah shall flow with waters, and a fountain shall come forth of the house of the Lord, and shall water the valley of Shittim. [19] Egypt shall be a desolation, and Edom shall be a desolate wilderness, for the violence against the children of Judah, because they have shed innocent blood in their land. [20] But Judah shall dwell for ever, and Jerusalem from generation to generation. [21] For I will cleanse their blood that I have not cleansed: for the Lord dwelleth in Zion.

Mark 13:34-37 – For the Son of man is as a man taking a far journey, who left his house, and gave authority to his servants, and to every man his work, and commanded the porter TO WATCH. [35] Watch ye therefore: for ye know not when the master of the house cometh, at even, or at midnight, or at the cockcrowing, or in the morning:

Ephesians 2:22 – In whom ye also are builded together for an habitation of God through the Spirit.

I Corinthians 3:9 – For we are labourers together with God: ye are God's husbandry, ye are God's building.